Become a Bounty Hunter
I would estimate that our office receives anywhere from 20-30 calls per week pertaining to the question : “What do I need to do to Become a Bounty Hunter?”
Time and time again we point those people to the state laws and tell them to read them and then they will know what to do. I apologize! I guess the question is not really a wondering of what the bounty hunter laws are, but how do I become a bounty hunter? what bounty hunter training is out there? Are there bounty hunter Schools? Are you currently looking for a bounty hunter? the list goes on. For those of you who want to know how to perform the task of a bounty hunter or as we call them Recovery Agents; there is a manual written by L. Scott Harrell that addresses that topic succinctly.
You can find it at this website How to Become a bounty Hunter. The book is well written and should serve as a daily manual for those of you seriously considering pursuing a career as a bounty hunter, recovery agent or bail bondsman.
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Bounty Hunter Training Manual
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Washington State Bail Bond Recovery Laws
Bail bond recovery agent license — Requirements.
An applicant must meet the following requirements to obtain a bail bond recovery agent license:
(1) Submit a fully completed application that includes proper identification on a form prescribed by the director;
(2) Pass an examination determined by the director to measure his or her knowledge and competence in the bail recovery business;
(3) Be at least twenty-one years old;
(4) Be a citizen or legal resident alien of the United States;
(5) Not have been convicted of a crime in any jurisdiction, if the director determines that the applicant’s particular crime directly relates to a capacity to perform the duties of a bail bond recovery agent, and that the license should be withheld to protect the citizens of Washington state. The director shall make the director’s determination to withhold a license because of previous convictions notwithstanding the restoration of employment rights act, chapter 9.96A RCW;
(7) Submit a receipt showing payment for a background check through the Washington state patrol and the federal bureau of investigation;
(8) Have a current firearms certificate issued by the commission if carrying a firearm in the performance of his or her duties as a bail bond recovery agent;
(9)(a) Have a current license or equivalent permit to carry a concealed pistol;
(b) A resident alien must provide a copy of his or her alien firearm license; and
(10)(a) Pay the required nonrefundable fee for each application for a bail bond recovery agent license;
(b) A bail bond agent or qualified agent who wishes to perform the duties of a bail bond recovery agent must first obtain a bail bond recovery agent endorsement to his or her bail bond agent or agency license in order to act as a bail bond recovery agent, and pay the required nonrefundable fee for each application for a bail bond recovery agent endorsement.
Bail bond recovery agents — Prelicense training/testing requirements — Continuing education requirements — Rules.
(1) The director shall adopt rules establishing prelicense training and testing requirements for bail bond recovery agents, which shall include no less than thirty-two hours of field operations classes. The director may establish, by rule, continuing education and recertification requirements for bail bond recovery agents.
(2) The director or the director’s designee, with the advice of law enforcement agencies and associations, the criminal justice training commission, prosecutors’ associations, or such other entities as may be appropriate, shall consult with representatives of the bail bond industry and associations before adopting or amending the prelicensing training, testing, and continuing education and recertification requirements of this section and shall establish minimum exam standards necessary for a bail bond recovery agent to qualify for licensure or endorsement.
(3) The standards must include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) A minimum level of education or experience appropriate for performing the duties of a bail bond recovery agent;
(b) A minimum level of knowledge in relevant areas of criminal and civil law;
(c) A minimum level of knowledge regarding the appropriate use of force and different degrees of the use of force; and
(d) Adequate training of the use of firearms from the criminal justice training commission, from an instructor who has been trained or certified by the criminal justice training commission, or from another entity approved by the director.
(4) The legislature does not intend, and nothing in this chapter shall be construed to restrict or limit in any way the powers of bail bond agents as recognized in and derived from the United States supreme court case of Taylor v. Taintor, 16 Wall. 366 (1872).
Bail bond agent/bail bond recovery agent — Each fugitive an individual contract — Format of contract.
(1) Each fugitive criminal defendant to be recovered will be treated as an individual contract between the bail bond agent and the bail bond recovery agent. A bail bond agent shall provide a bail bond recovery agent a copy of each individual contract. A bail bond recovery agent must carry, in addition to the license issued by the department, a copy of the contract and, if requested, must present a copy of the contract and the license to the fugitive criminal defendant, the owner or manager of the property in which the agent entered in order to locate or apprehend the fugitive, other residents, if any, of the residence in which the agent entered in order to locate or apprehend the fugitive, and to the local law enforcement agency or officer. If presenting a copy of the contract or the license at the time of the request would unduly interfere with the location or apprehension of the fugitive, the agent shall present the copy of the contract or the license within a reasonable period of time after the exigent circumstances expire.
(2) The director, or the director’s designee, with the advice of the bail bond industry and associations, law enforcement agencies and associations, and prosecutors’ associations shall develop a format for the contract. At a minimum, the contract must include the following:
(a) The name, address, phone number, and license number of the bail bond agency or bail bond agent contracting with the bail bond recovery agent;
(b) The name and license number of the bail bond recovery agent; and
(c) The name, last known address, and phone number of the fugitive.
Bail bond recovery agent, generally.
(1) A person may not perform the functions of a bail bond recovery agent unless the person is licensed by the department under this chapter.
(2) A bail bond agent may contract with a person to perform the functions of a bail bond recovery agent. Before contracting with the bail bond recovery agent, the bail bond agent must check the license issued by the department under this chapter. The requirements established by the department under this chapter do not prevent the bail bond agent from imposing additional requirements that the bail bond agent considers appropriate.
(3) A contract entered into under this chapter is authority for the person to perform the functions of a bail bond recovery agent as specifically authorized by the contract and in accordance with applicable law. A contract entered into by a bail bond agent with a bail bond recovery agent is not transferable by the bail bond recovery agent to another bail bond recovery agent.
(4) Whenever a person licensed by the department as a bail bond recovery agent is engaged in the performance of the person’s duties as a bail bond recovery agent, the person must carry a copy of the license.
(5) A license or endorsement issued by the department under this chapter is valid from the date the license or endorsement is issued until its expiration date unless it is suspended or revoked by the department prior to its expiration date.
(6) Nothing in this chapter is meant to prevent a bail bond agent from contacting a fugitive criminal defendant for the purpose of requesting the surrender of the fugitive, or from accepting the voluntary surrender of the fugitive.
[2008 c 105 § 7; 2004 c 186 § 10.]
Out-of-state bail bond recovery agent.
A bail bond recovery agent from another state who is not licensed under this chapter may not perform the functions of a bail bond recovery agent in this state unless the agent is working under the direct supervision of a licensed bail bond recovery agent.
[2004 c 186 § 11.]
Legislative recognition–2004 c 186: See note following
Bail bond recovery agent — Planned forced entry — Requirements.
(1) Before a bail bond recovery agent may apprehend a person subject to a bail bond in a planned forced entry, the bail bond recovery agent must:
(a) Have reasonable cause to believe that the defendant is inside the dwelling, building, or other structure where the planned forced entry is expected to occur; and
(b) Notify an appropriate law enforcement agency in the local jurisdiction in which the apprehension is expected to occur. Notification must include, at a minimum: The name of the defendant; the address, or the approximate location if the address is undeterminable, of the dwelling, building, or other structure where the planned forced entry is expected to occur; the name of the bail bond recovery agent; the name of the contracting bail bond agent; and the alleged offense or conduct the defendant committed that resulted in the issuance of a bail bond.
(2) During the actual planned forced entry, a bail bond recovery agent:
(a) Shall wear a shirt, vest, or other garment with the words “BAIL BOND RECOVERY AGENT,” “BAIL ENFORCEMENT,” or “BAIL ENFORCEMENT AGENT” displayed in at least two-inch-high reflective print letters across the front and back of the garment and in a contrasting color to that of the garment; and
(b) May display a badge approved by the department with the words “BAIL BOND RECOVERY AGENT,” “BAIL ENFORCEMENT,” or “BAIL ENFORCEMENT AGENT” prominently displayed.
(3) Any law enforcement officer who assists in or is in attendance during a planned forced entry is immune from civil action for damages arising out of actions taken by the bail bond recovery agent or agents conducting the forced entry.
[2008 c 105 § 8; 2004 c 186 § 12.]
Legislative recognition–2004 c 186: See note following RCW 18.185.010.